Peter Leo Tjakamarra
Region: Laramba, Northern Territory,Australia
Language Group: Anamatyerre
Born: 1950, Dec 2004
Peter Leo Tjakamarra was born on Coniston Station; his traditional
country is Anuka (Coniston) and the area around Tilmouth Well, which is
situated on Napperby Station.
He commenced painting in 1986 as part of the Napperby group of painters.
He was married to Susan Dixon
Leo Napaltjarri who also paints and often worked with Peter.
His works have been exhibited in most Major Australian cities and the U.S.A. (Aboriginal Artists Dictionary of Biographies)
The Wichetty Grub
Is a large white wood eating larvae of several types of moth. They are used as a food by the Aboriginals of Central Australia they can be eaten raw or cooked in the ashes of a fire.
The Massacre occurred between August and October in 1928.
It was the last known massacre of Aboriginals in Australia.
It involved men women and children of the Warlpiri, Anmattyre, Kayete, tribes.
At least thirty-one
people were killed but it is thought up to a hundred or more may have
The massacre occurred to avenge the killing of a Dingo (wild dog) hunter named Fredrick Brooks by the Aboriginals.
In 1928 there had been a drought and waterholes were drying up bush food and wild life was becoming scarce.
The permanent water holes were on the stations these stations were on what had once been the Aboriginals land.
The Aboriginals were going onto these stations begging for food
and water and spearing cattle to eat.
There are several accounts of what led to the killing of Fredrick Brooks one has him camped at one of the water holes and a group of Aboriginals were also camped nearby.
Brooks offered food to the wife of one of the men “Bullfrog” in return for her doing his washing.
Brooks not only did not
pay for the food but Bullfrog found his wife in bed with Brooks and he,
his wife and his uncles beat Brookes to death and disposed of the body
in a rabbit hole.
Soon after the reports of Brookes death and the
discovery of the body over a period of months a number of reprisal
attacks were carried out on various groups of Aboriginals these attacks
are collectively called the Coniston Massacre.
Two Aboriginal men were arrested but were acquitted due to a lack of credible evidence.
enquiry was held into the massacre but no charges were made and none of
the people involved in the massacre were brought to justice despite the
Australian public's outrage.
In traditional Aboriginal law Bullfrog
would have been regarded as having acted lawfully within his marriage
rights to kill the man who had taken his wife.
The tragic events of the massacre remain in Aboriginal History and are commemorated in Peter Leos art works.
Site Index for:
Alby Stockman, Amy Johnson, Barbara Charles Napaljarri, Beatrice Gibson Nangala, Beth Nungarrayi Patrick, Brenda Lynch Nungurrayi, Caroline Numina Pananka, Cassidy Tjapaltjarri, Colin Liddy, Cowboy Louie Pwerle, Dulcie Williams Napangardi, Isobel Hagen Nungarryi, Jacinta Numina Waugh, Jack Cook Jangala, Lanita Numina, Lesley Daniels Jamijinpa, Long Jack Phillipus Tjakamarra, Louise Numina Napanankana, Lucy Dixon Napurrurla, Margarette Looney, Mary Dixon Nungarrayi, Maureen Nampitjinpa Hudson, Michael Nelson Jagamara, Michael Tjapanardi Tommy, Peter Leo Tjakamarra, Reggie Sultan, Sambo Burra Burra, Sandra Scholes Escobar, Sarah Morton Napananga, William Sandy, Willie Gudabi, Our Gallery,